Categorized List of Books, Articles, and other Scholarly Works

Alridge, Derrick P. (1999). Guiding Philosophical Principles for a DuBoisian-Based African American

Educational Model, The Journal of Negro Education, 68 (2): 182-199

Astin, A. (1977). Four critical years. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Astin, A. (1993). What matters in college? Four critical years revisited. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.

Astin, A.W. ( 1993). Assessment for Excellence. Phoenix, AZ: American Council on Education & The Oryx Press.

Barnes, A.S. (1992) Retention of African-American Males in High School: A Study of African-American Male High School Dropouts, African-American Male Seniors, and White Male Seniors. Lanham: UniversityPress of America

Bean, J.P. & Eaton S.B. (2000). A psychological model of college student retention. In J.M. Braxton (Ed.),

Reworking the Student Departure Puzzle (pp.48-61). Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.

Bennett, C., and Okinaka, A.M. (1990). Factors related to persistence among Asian, Black, Hispanic, and

White undergraduates at predominantly White university: Comparison between first and fourth year cohorts. The Urban Review, 22(1), 33-60

Berger, J.B. and Milem, J.F. (2000). Exploring the impact of historically Black colleges in promoting the development of undergraduates’ self-concept. Journal of College Student Development, 41(4), 381-394.

Bohr, L. Pascarella, E.T., Nora, A. and Terenzini, P.T. (1995). Do Black students learn more at historically Black or predominantly White colleges? Journal of College Student Development, 36(1), 75-85

Bonner, F. A. & Bailey, K. W. (2006). Enhancing the academic climate for African American college men. In M. J. Cuyjet (Ed.), African American Men in College (pp. 24-46). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Bonner, F.A, Jennings, M.E., Marbley, A.F., & Brown, L. (2008). Capitalizing on Leadership Capacity: Gifted African American Males in High School. Roeper Review, 30, 93-103.

Braxton, J.M., Brier, E.M., Steele S. L. (2008). Shaping retention from research to practice. Journal of College Student Retention Research, Theory, & Practice, 9(3), 377-399.

Brownstein, A. (2000, November 3). Are male students in shorts supply, or is this “crisis” exaggerated? Chronicle of Higher Education, 47(10), A47-A48.

Caplan, P. (1973). Role of classroom conduct in the promotion and retention of elementary school children. Journal of Experimental Education, 41(1), 8-11.

Carini, R. M., Kuh, G. D., & Klein, S. P. (2006). Student engagement and student learning: Testing the linkages. Research in Higher Education, 47(1):1-32

Cross, Thedore and Robert Bruce Slater. (1995). A First View of the Academic Performance of African Americans at Three Highly Ranked Colleges, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 7: 76-79

Cross, T., & Slater, R. B. (2000). The alarming decline in the academic performance of African American men. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 27, 82-87

Cross, Thedore and Robert Bruce Slater. (2001). The Troublesome Decline in African-American College Student Graduation Rates. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 33: 102-109

Davis, J.E. (2003). Early schooling and academic achievement of African American males. Urban Education, 38(5), 515-537.

Ferguson, R (2000) A Diagnostic Analysis of Black-White GPA Disparities in Shaker Heights, Ohio. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.

Flowers, L.A. & Pascarella, E.T. (2003). Cognitive effects of college. Research in Higher Education, 44(1), 21-49.

Flowers, L.A., Zhang, Y., Moore, J.L., Flowers, T.A. (2004). An exploratory phenomenological study of African American high school students in gifted education programs: Implications for teachers and school counselors. E-Journal of Teaching & Learning in Diverse Settings, 2(1), 39-53.

Flowers, L.A. (2004). Retaining African-American students in higher education: An Integrative review. Journal of College Student Retention, 6(1), 23-35.

Flowers, L. A. (2006). Effects of attending a 2-year institution on African American males’ academic and social integration in the first year of college. TeachersCollege Record, 108(2), 267-286.

Floyd, C. (1996). Achieving despite the odds: A study of resilience among a group of African American high school seniors. The Journal of Negro Education, 65(2),181-189.

Foston, N.A. (2004, September). Campus dilemma: Coping with the acute male shortage. Ebony. 59(11), 128-131

Franklin, V.P. (2009). Commentary: Reparations for educational malfeasance. The Journal of African American history, 149-152.

Frierson, Henry F., Willie Pearson and James H. Wyche. (2009). Black American Males in Higher Education: Diminishing Proportions. New York: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Hamilton, J.P. (2005). Reasons why African-American men persist to degree completion institutions of higher education. Dissertation Abstracts International, A65(10), 3717

Harper, V.R. (2003). Most likely to succeed: The self-perceived impact of involvement on the experiences of high-achieving African American undergraduate men at predominantly White universities. Dissertation Abstracts International, A64 (6), 1995

Harvey, William B., Adia M. Harvey, and Mark King. (2004). The Impact of the Brown v. Board of Education Decision on Postsecondary Participation of African Americans, The Journal of NegroEducation, 73 (3): 328-340

Hood, D.W. (1992). Academic and non-cognitive factors affecting the retention of Black men at a predominantly White university. Journal of Negro Education, 61 (1), 12–23.

Hrabowski III, F. A., Maton, K. I., & Greif, G. L. (1998). Beating the odds: Raising academically successful African American males. New York: Oxford UniversityPress.

Hu, S. and Kuh, G. D. (2002). Being (dis)engaged in educationally purposeful activities: The influences of student and institutional characteristics. Research inHigher Education, 43(5), 555-575.

Huang, Y. and Chang, S. (2004). Academic and co-curricular involvement: Their relationship and the best combinations for student growth. Journal of CollegeStudent Development, 45(4), 391-406.

Jackson, J. F. L., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2006). “African American Males in Education *Special Theme Issue+.” Teachers College Record.

Jackson, J. F. L., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2008). “Beyond Brown: New Approaches to Addressing Inequities in Education for African American Males *Special Theme Issue+.” American BehavioralScientist.

LaFree, Gary, and Kriss A. Drass. (1996). The Effect of Changes in Intraracial Income Inequality and Educational Attainment on. American Sociological Review. 61(4): 614-634.

McEwen, M. K., Roper, L. D., Bryant, D. R. & Langa, M. J. (1990). Incorporating the development of African American students into psychological theories of student development. Journalof College Student Development, 31(5).

Mickelson, R. "The attitude achievement paradox among black adolescents". Sociology of Education, Vol. 63, No. 1 January 1990

Moore, J. L., III. (Ed.). (2003). “Addressing the Needs of Multicultural Populations in Educational Settings: Implications for Teachers and Counselors *Special Theme Issue+.” The High School Journal.

Ogbu, J. (1990) "Literacy and Schooling in Subordinate Cultures: The Case of Black Americans" in Going to School edited by K. Lomotey. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Postsecondary Education Opportunity A. (2003). Undergraduate Degree Completion by Age 25 to 29 for Those Who Enter College 1947 to 2002. #137, Oskaloosa, IA.

Postsecondary Education Opportunity B. (2003). Educational Attainment 1940 to 2002. #129, Oskaloosa, IA.

Powell, Cecil L. and Arriola, Kimberly R. Jacob. (2003). “Relationship between Psychosocial Factors and Academic Achievement among African American Students” in The Journal of Educational Research, 96(3), 175-181

Rosenshine. B. (1982). Teaching functions in instructional programs. Paper presented at the National Institute of Education’s National Invitational Conference on Research on teaching: Implications for Practice, Washington, DC.

Schwartz, R & Washington, C. (2002). Predicting academic performance and retention among African American freshmen men. The NASPA Journal, 39(4), 354-370.

Solomon, P. (1992) Black Resistance in High School. Albany: SUNY Press.

Stage, F. (1989). Reciprocal effects between the academic and social integration of college students. Research in Higher Education, 30, 517-530.

Taylor, G. R., & Phillips, T. L. (2005). Improving the Quality of Education for African-American Males: A Study of America's Urban Schools. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press

Taylor-Gibbs, Jewell (1988) The Black Male As An Endangered Species. New York: Auburn House.

Watson, C. and G. Smitherman (1996) Educating African American Males: Detroit's Malcolm X Academy. Chicago, IL: Third World Press.

Athletic Issues and Concerns

Aikens, C. (1971). The Struggle of Curt Flood. The Black Scholar, 3(3), 10-15

Anderson, Deborah J., John J. Cheslock and Ronald G. Ehrenberg. (2006). Compliance Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics: Determinants of Title IX Compliance. The Journal of Higher Education. 77(2): 225-250

Ashe, Jr., Arthur R. et al. (1990). A Hard Road to Glory: The History of the African-American Athlete, Vol. 1: 1619-1918; Vol. 2: 1919-1945; Vol. 3: 1946-Present.

Beamon, K., & Bell, P. A. (2006). Academics versus athletics: An examination of the effects of background and socialization on African American male student athletes. The Social Science Journal, 43(3), 393-403.

Brooks, Dana, ed. (1999). Racism in College Athletics: The African American Athlete's Experience, Second Edition. Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology

Comeaux, E. (2004). Black Males in the College Classroom: A Quantitative Analysis of Study Athlete-Faculty Interactions. Challenge: A Journal of Research of African American Men,

Davis, Lenwood G. and Daniels, Belinda S. (1981). Black Athletes in the United States: A Bibliography of Books, Articles, Autobiographies, and Biographies on Black Professional Athletes in the United States, 1800-1981. Westport: Greenwood Press

Davis, T. (1995). Racism in athletics: Subtle yet persistent. University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Review 21(4):881-900.

Entine, Jon. (2001). Taboo: Why Black Athletes Dominate Sports and Why We're Afraid to Talk About It. New York: Public Affairs.

Ferris, Eric, Mark Finster and David McDonald. (2004). Academic Fit of Student-Athletes: An Analysis of NCAA Division I-A Graduation Rates. Research in Higher Education, 45 (6): 555-575

George, Nelson. (1992). Elevating the Game: Black Men and Basketball. New York: HarperCollins Publisher, Inc.

Hoberman, John. (1997). Darwin's Athletes: How Sport Has Damaged Black America and Preserved the Myth of Race. Boston, MA: Mariner Books

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. (1998). The Impact of the New NCAA Athletic Eligibility Requirements on Black Higher Education, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education,19: 83-84

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. (2002). African-American College Athletes: Debunking the Myth of the Dumb Jock. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 35: 36-40

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (2003). Black Teams and White Coaches: African Americans Continue to Make Limited Progress in College Coaching Positions, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 40: 43-45

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (2005). Athletic Scholarships Have a Huge Impact on Black Student Graduation Rates, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education,46: 68

Jabari Mahiri (1994). African American Males and Learning: What Discourse in Sports Offers Schooling. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 25(3): 364-375

Messer, K. L. (2006). African American male college athletes. In M. J. Cuyjet (Ed.), African American Men in College (pp. 154-173). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

*Person, Dawn R. and Kenya M. LeNoir. (1997). Retention Issues and Models for African American Male Athletes, New Directions for Student Services, 80(1): 79-91

Peterson, Robert. (1992). Only the Ball was White: A History of the Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Powell, Shaun. (2007). Souled Out? How Blacks Are Winning and Losing in Sports. 1st ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics

Rhonden, William. (2007). Forty Million Dollar Slaves: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Black Athlete. New York: Three Rivers Press

Rust, Art, Jr. (1992). “Get That Nigger Off the Field!”: An Oral History of Black Ballplayers from the Negro Leagues to the Present. New York: Delacorte Press

Sailes, Gary. (1998). African Americans in Sport. Edison, NJ: Transaction Publishers

Schollaert, Paul T. and Donald Hugh Smith (1987). Team Racial Composition and Sports Attendance. The Sociological Quarterly. 28(1): 71-87

Shropshire, Kenneth. (1996). In Black and White: Race and Sports in America. New York: NYU Press

Smith, Earl. (2009) Race, Sport and the American Dream. 2nd ed. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.

Walker, Chet with Messenger, Chris. (1995). Long Time Coming: A Black Athlete’s Coming-of-Age in America. New York: Grove Press

Zang, David W. (1995). Fleet Walker’s Divided Heart: The Life of Baseball’s First Black Major Leaguer. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Gender and Identity

Allen, W.R. (1981). “Moms, Dads and Boys: Race and Sex Difference in the Socialization of Male Children,” Gary, Lawrence E. (ed.), Black Men. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications

Alston, D.N. and Williams, N. (1982). Relationship Between Father Absence and Self-Concept of Black Adolescent Boys. The Journal of Negro Education, 51(2), 134-138

Alston, Harvey. (1994) Black Males: An African-American View of Raising Young Men. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.

Anderson, E. (1989). Sex codes and Family Life Among Poor Inner-City Youths. ANNALS, AAPSS, 501, 59-78

Anderson, M. (1993). Studying Across Difference: Race, Class, and Gender in Qualitative Research in Stanfield, J. and Dennis R. (eds.), Race and Ethnicity in Research Methods, Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 39-52

Asante, Molefi K. (1981). Black Male and Female Relationships: An Afrocentric Context in Gary, Lawrence E. (ed.), Black Men. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications

Austin, Bobby (ed.) (1992). A Discussion of Issues Affecting African-American Men and Boys. Battle creek: W.K. Kellogg Foundation

Berger, J.B. and Milem, J.F. (2000). Exploring the impact of historically Black colleges in promoting the development of undergraduates’ self-concept. Journal of College Student Development, 41(4), 381-394.

Brown, T. L. (2000). Gender differences in African American students’ satisfaction with college. Journal of College Student Development, 41(5), 479-487.

Boyd, H. (2007). It's Hard Out Here for a Black Man!. The Black Scholar, 47(3), 2-9.

Cazenave, N.A. (1984). “race, Socioeconomic Status, and Age: The Social Context of American Masculinity. Sex Roles, 11(7/8), 639-656.

Chavous, T.M., Bernat, D.H., Schmeelk-Cone, K., Caldwell, C.H., Kohn-Wood, L., & Zimmerman, M.A. (2003). Racial identity and academic attainment among African American adolescents. Child Development, 74(4), 1076-1090.

Coker, Angela D. (2003). African American Female Adult Learners: Motivations, Challenges, and Coping Strategies, Journal of Black Studies, 33 (5): 654-674

Crawford, Kijana and Danielle Smith. (2005). The We and the Us: Mentoring African American Women. Journal of Black Studies, 36 (1): 52-67

Cross, W., Parnham, T., and Helms, J. (1991) Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Cunningham, M. (1993). Sex Role Influences of African American Males: A Literature Review. Journal of African-American Male Studies, 1(1), 30-37

Dancy, T.E. (2005). Madness or elitism? African Americans who reject HBCUs. Black Issues in Higher Education, 22(5), 82.

Dyson, A. (1994) The Ninjas, the X-Men, and the Ladies: Playing With Power and Identity in an Urban Primary School. Teachers College Record. 96(2), 219-239

Fordham, S. (1996) Blacked Out: Dilemmas of Race, Identity, and Success at Capital High. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Foreman, Faith E. (2003). Intimate Risk: Sexual Risk Behavior among African American College Women. Journal of Black Studies, 33 (5): 637-653

Franklin, A.J. (1999). Invisibility syndrome and racial identity development in psychotherapy and counseling African American men. The Counseling Psychologist, 27(6), 761-793.

Hare, N., & Hare, J. (1991). African American males on campus: An endangered species. Black Collegian, 21(4), 126-130.

Harper, S. R., et. al. (2004). Gender differences in student engagement among African American undergraduates at historically Black colleges and universities. Journalof College Student Development, 45(3), 271-284.

Harper, Shaun R. and Frank Harris III (2010). College Men and Masculinities: Theory, Research, and Implications for Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass

Hughes, Z. (2003). The flip side: Why some sisters only date whites & “others.” Ebony, 58(7), 55-56, 58

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. (1998). Why the large and growing gender gap in African American Higher education. Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 19, 34-35.

King, A.E.O. (1999). African American females’ attitudes toward marriage: An exploratory study. Journal of Black Studies, 29(3), 416-437.

Luker, K. (1996) Dubious Conceptions: The Politics of Teenage Pregnancy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Majors, Richard and Billson, J.M. (1992). Cool pose: The dilemmas of Black manhood in America. San Francisco: New Lexington Press.

Neal, Marc Anthony. (2006). New Black Man. New York: Taylor & Francis Group.

Pollard. D.S. (1993) Gender, Achievement and African American Students perceptions of their school experience. Education Psychologist, 28(4), 294-303

Porter, M.M., and Bronzaft, A.L. (1995). Do the future plans of educated Black women include Black men? The Journal of Negro Education, 64(2), 162-170.

Sigelman, L. and Tuch, S.A. (1997). Metastereotypes: Black perceptions of Whites’ stereotypes of Blacks. Public Opinion Quarterly, 61, 87-101.

Stewart, D.L. (2002). The role of faith in the development of an integrated identity: A qualitative study of black students at a white college. Journal of College Student Development, 43(4), 579-596

Tatum, B. (1992) Talking About Race, Learning About Racism: The Application of Racial Identity Development Theory in the Classroom. Harvard Educational Review, 62(1), 1-24

Thorne, B. (1993) Gender Play. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

Washington, V. & Newman, J. (1991). Setting our own Agenda: Exploring the meaning of gender disparities among Blacks in Higher Education. The Journal of NegroEducation, 60(1), 19-35

Watt, S.K. (2003). Come to the river: Using spirituality to cope, resist, and develop identity. New Directions for Student Services, no.104. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

General Issues concerning
African American males in Higher Education

Bailey, Deryl F. (2003). Preparing African-American Males for Postsecondary Options. The Journal of Men’s Studies. 12(1): 15-24

Bailey, D.F. & Paisley, P.O. (2004). Developing and nurturing excellence in African American male adolescents. Journal of Counseling and Development, 82(1), 10-17.

Barnett, M. (2004). A qualitative analysis of family support and interaction among Black college students at an Ivy League university. Journal of Negro Education, 73(1),53-68.

Bonner, Fred A. (2010). Academically Gifted African American Male College Students. New York: Praeger

Braddock II, Jomills Henry and Lv Hua. (2006). Determining the College Destination of African American High School Seniors: Does College Athletic Reputation Matter? The Journal of Negro Education, 75 (3): 532-545

Chappell, Kevin. (2007). The Gender Gap on Campus: Fewer and Fewer Black Males are Enrolling in College. Ebony. 62(11): 130-133

Cuyjet, M. J. (1997). African Americans on College Campuses: Their needs and their perceptions. New Directions for Student Services, 80, 5-16.

Cuyjet, M.J. (1997). Helping African American Men Succeed in College: New Directions for Students Services. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cuyjet, Michael J. (2006). African American Men in College. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Evans, Ian. (2009). Gentlemen of Quality: Young black men who are Upholding the Tradition of Achievement, Striving for Excellence and Battling Society’s Negative Stereotypes. The Black collegian. 40(1):61-64

Feagin, J. R., Vera, H., & Imani, N. (1996). The agony of education: Black students at White colleges and universities. New York: Routledge.

Fleming, J. (1984). Blacks in college: A comparative study of students’ success in black and white institutions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Freeman, K., and Thomas, G. (2002). Black colleges and college choice: Characteristics of students who choose HBCUs. In F.K. Stage, D.F Carter, D. Hossler, and E.P St. John (Eds.), Theoretical perspectives on college students (pp. 43-50). Boston, MA: Pearson Custom Publishing.

Furr, S. & Elling, T. (2002). African American students in a predominately White university: Factors associated with retention. College Student Journal, 36(2), 188-203.

Garibaldi, A. M. (1992). Educating and motivating African American males to succeed. The Journal of Negro Education, 61, 4-11.

Hall, R. E., & Rowan, G. T. (2000). African American males in higher education: A descriptive/qualitative analysis. Journal of African American men, 5(3), 3-14.

Harris, W. C. (1996, October 3). African American males in higher education: Reframing the issues. Black Issues in Higher Education, 13, 16, 92.

Hauser, R. and D. Anderson (1991) Post High School Plans and Aspirations of Black and White High School Seniors: 1976-1986. Sociology of Education, 64:140-165

Herndon, Michael K. and Joan B. Hirt (2004). Black Students and Their Families: What Leads to Success in College. The Journal of Black Studies, 34(4): 489-513

Hill Collins, Patricia. (2004). Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York: Routledge Press

Jencks, C. and Phillips, M. (1998) The Black-White Test Scores Gap. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, (2005). Athletic Scholarships Have a Huge Impact on Black Student Graduation Rates, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 46: 68

Kao, G. and M. Tienda (1998) Educational Aspirations Among Minority Youth. American Journal of Education. 106: 349-384.

Leach, B. (1987). How to retain black students on predominantly white campuses. Black Issues in Higher Education, 4(7), 36.

Lee, C.C. (ed.) Multicultural issues in counseling: New approaches to diversity (2nd ed.) Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association

Lee, C. (2000) The State of Knowledge about the Education of African Americans. Washington, DC: Commission on Black Education, American Educational Research Association.

Lewis, C. W., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2008). “Urban Schools for African American Students: Critical Issues for Educational Stakeholders *Special Theme Issue+.” The Journal of Educational Foundation.

Malcolm, N. (2007). Free College Education is Available for Black Males. The New York Amsterdam News, Feb. 8-14, 36

Meier, K., J. Stewart and R. England (1989) Race, Class and Education: The Politics of Second Generation Discrimination. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Moore III, James L., Octavia Madison-Colmore and Dionne M. Smith. (2003). The Prove-Them-Wrong Syndrome: Voices from Unheard African American Males in Engineering Disciplines. The Journal ofMen’s Studies. 12(1): 61-73

Price, J.N. (2000). Against the Odds: The Meaning of School and Relationships in the Lives of Six Young African-American Men. Stamford: JAI Press

Roach, R. (2001). Where are the Black men on campus? Black issues in Higher Education, 18(6).

Roberts. G. W. (1994). Brother to Brother; African American modes of relating among men. Journal of Black studies, (24) 4, 379-390.

Royal, Alfred P., Louis B. Gallien and Helen R. Stiff-Williams (eds.)(2007). Closing the African American Achievement Gap in Higher Education. New York: Teachers College Press

Schmidt, P. (2008). Colleges Seek key to Success of Black Men in Classroom. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 54(A1), A23-25.

Troyna, B. and B. Carrington (1990) Education, Racism and Reform. London: Routledge.

Wilson, Marvin. (2000).Reversing the Plight of African American Male College Students, Black Issues in Higher Education, 17(18): 175

Health Matters

Bryant, A.N. Choi, J.Y., and Yasuno, M. (2003). Understanding the religious and spiritual dimensions of students’ lives in the first year of college. Journal of college Student Development, 44(6), 723-745

Constatine, M.G., Wilton, L., Gainor, K.A., and Lewis, E.L. (2002). Religious participation, spirituality, and coping among African American college students. Journal of College Student Development, 43(5), 605-613

Ford-Harris, D.Y., Schuerger, J.M., & Harris, J.J. (1991). Meeting the psychological needs of Gifted Black students: A cultural perspective. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69(6), 557-580.

Love, P.G. (2002). Comparing spiritual development and cognitive development. Journal of College Student Development, 43(3), 357-373

Rich, J. A. (2000). The health of African American men. ANNALS, AAPSS, 569,149-159.

Historical Assessments

Anderson, J. (1988) The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860-1935. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Bennett, L. (1993). Before the Mayflower: A history of Black America (6th Ed.). New York: Penguin.

Dancy, T.E. & Brown, M.C. (2008). Unintended consequences: African American male educational attainment and collegiate perceptions after Brown v. Board of Education. American Behavioral Scientist,51(7), 984-1003.

Riley, James A. (1994) The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York, NY: Carroll and Graf Publishers/Richard Gallen

Issues concerning
Campus Environment and Institutional Support

Allen, W. (1985). Black student, White campus: Structural, interpersonal, and psychological correlates of success. Journal of Negro Education, 54(2), 134-147.

Astin, A.W. (1999). Student involvement: A development theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Development, 40(5), 518-529

Barrett, Thomas Gregory and Theophus Smith. (2008). Southern Coup: Recruiting African American Faculty Members at an Elite Private Southern Research University. American Educational ResearchJournal. 45(4): 946-973

Cross, Theodore. (1998). The Black Faculty Count at the Nation's Most Prestigious Universities. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 19: 109-115

Cross, Theodore. (1998). The Thernstrom Fallacy: Why Affirmative Action Is Not Responsible for High Dropout Rates of African-American College Students. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 20: 90- 98

Dancy II, T. Elon. (2010). Managing Diversity: (Re)Visioning Equity on College Campuses. New York: Peter Lang Publishing

Davis, J. E. (1995). College in black and white: Campus environment and academic achievement of African American males. Journal of Negro Education, 63(4) pp.620-633

Douglas, Katie Branch. (1998). Impressions: African American First-Year Students' Perceptions of a Predominantly White University. The Journal of Negro Education, 67 (4): 416-431

Endecavage, C. (2000). The role of internal attribution and social support in the college success of African American males. Dissertation Abstracts International A60(12), p. 4339.

Hu, S. and Kuh, G. D. (2002). Being (dis)engaged in educationally purposeful: The influences of student and institutional characteristics. Research in Higher Education, 43(5), 555-575.

Jackson, Jerlando F.L. (2003). Toward Administrative Diversity: An Analysis of the African-American Educational Pipeline. The Journal of Men’s Studies. 12(1): 43

The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. (2004). One Explanation for the Low Representation of Black Faculty in Higher Education. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education,42: 27-29

Littleton, R. (2003). Community among African American students on small, predominantly White campuses: The Unforeseen "Minority within a Minority" Experience. The NASPA Journal, 40(4), 83-104.

Loo, C. M., & Rolison, G. (1986). Alienation of ethnic minority students at a predominately White university. Journal of Higher Education, 57, 58-77.

McClelland, M. (2001). The need still exists for Black student unions. Black Issues in Higher Education, 17(25), 45.

McCormack, A. (1995). The changing nature of racism on college campuses: Study of discrimination at a northeastern pubic university. College Student Journal, 29, 150-156.

Miller, Thomas. (2009). Using a Model that Predicts Individual Student Attrition to Intervene with Those who are Most at Risk. College. 84(3): 12

Moore, J. L., III, & Herndon, M. K., (Eds.) (2003). “African-American Men in the Academy [Special Theme Issue]. The Journal of Men’s Studies.

Moore III, Robert M. (ed.) (2002). The Quality and Quantity of Contact: African Americans and Whites on College Campuses. Lanham: University Press of America

Nettles, M.T. (ed.) (1988). Toward Black undergraduate student equality in American higher education. New York: Greenwood Press

*Roach, R. (2001). Where are the Black men on campus? Black issues in Higher Education, 18(6).

Roberts, D.C. (ed.) (1989). Designing campus activities to foster a sense of community. New Directions for Student Services., no.48. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ross, Marilyn J. (1998). Success Factors of Young African-American Males at a Historically Black College. Westport: Bergin & Garvey

Watson, L., & & Kuh, G. (1996). The influence of dominant race environment on student involvement, perceptions, and educational gains. Journal of College StudentDevelopment, 37, 415-423.

Sedlacek, W. E. (1987). Black students on white campuses: 20 years of research. Journal of College Student Personnel, 28, 484-495.

Seidman, Alan. (2007). Minority Student Retention—The Best of the Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice. Amityville: Baywood Publishing Company

Issues concerning mentorship and advising

Alex-Assensoh, Yvette M. et al., (2005). Mentoring and African-American Political Scientists, PS: Political Science and Politics, 38 (2): 283-285

Bonner, W. W. (1997). Black male perspectives of counseling on a predominately white university campus. Journal of Black Studies, 27(3), 395 - 408.

Fries-Britt, S. (1997). Identifying and supporting gifted African American men.

Cuyjet, M.J. (1997). African American Men in College. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Gibson, Camille. (2002). Being Real: The Student-Teacher Relationship and African-American Male Delinquency. El Paso: LFB Scholarly Publishing

Glennen, R. (1985). Impact of intrusive advising on minority student retention. College Student Journal, 19, 335-338.

Jackson III, Ronald L. (2003).White Student Confessions about a Black Male Professor: A Cultural Contracts Theory Approach to Intimate Conversations about Race and Worldview. The Journal of Men’sStudies. 12(1): 25-41

Jones, Lee (ed.) (2001). Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators. Sterling: Stylus Publishing

Milner IV, H.R. African American Males in Urban Schools: No Excuses- Teach and Empower. Theory in Practice, 46(3), 239-246.

Sutton, E. M. (2006). Developmental mentoring of African American college men. In Sanchez-Leguelinel, Caridad. (2008). Supporting “Slumping” Sophomores: Programmatic Peer Initiatives Designed to Enhance Retention in the Crucial Second Year of College, College Student Journal, 42(2): 637-646

Thile, E., & Mott, G. (1995). The ethnic mentor program: A brief description and preliminary findings. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 23, 116-126.

Student engagement and involvement,
fraternities, and organizations

Allen, W.R., Epps, E.G. and Haniff, N.Z. (Eds.) (1991). College in Black and White: African American students in predominantly White and in historically Black public universities. Albany, NY: State Universityof New York Press

Arminio, J., et. al. (2000). Leadership experiences of students of color. The NASPA Journal, 37(3) 496-510.

Astin, A. (1984). Student involvement: A developmental theory for higher education. Journal of College Student Personnel, 25(3), 297-308.

Astin, A. (1987). Chapter 6: Student involvement: The key to effective education in achieving educational excellence. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brown, C. (2006). The impact of campus activities on African American College men. In M. J. Cuyjet (Ed.), African American Men in College (pp. 47-67). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Fine, Elizabeth C. (1991). Stepping, Saluting, Cracking, and Freaking: The Cultural Politics of African-American Step Shows. TDR, 35 (2): 39-59

Flowers, L. (2004). Examining the effects of student involvement on African American college student development. Journal of College Student Development, 45(6), 633-654.

Guiffrida, Douglas A. (2003). African American student organizations as agents of social integration. Journal of College Student Development, 44(3), 304-319.

Harper, S. R., et. al. (2004). Gender differences in student engagement among African American undergraduates at historically Black colleges and universities. Journalof College Student Development, 45(3), 271-284.

Harper, S. R. (2006). Enhancing African American male student outcomes through leadership and active involvement. In M. J. Cuyjet (Ed.), African American Menin College (pp. 69-94). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Harper, S. R., & Harris, F. (2006). The role of black fraternities in the African American male undergraduate experience. In M. J. Cuyjet (Ed.), African American Men in College (pp. 128-153). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Harper, S. R., & Wolley, M. A. (2002). Becoming an “involving college” for African American men: Strategies for increasing African American male participation in campus activities. Association of College Unions International Bulletin, 70(3), 16-24.

Jones, Ricky L. (2004). Black Haze: Violence, Sacrifice, and Manhood in Black Greek-Letter Fraternities. Albany: State University of New York Press

Kimbrough, W. (1995). Self-assessment, participation, and value of leadership skills, activities, and experiences for Black Students relative to their membership in historically Black fraternities and sororities. The Journal of Negro Education, 64(1), 63-74.

Kimbrough, W. and Hutcheson, P. (1998). The impact of membership in Black Greek-Letter organizations on Black students’ involvement in collegiate activities and their development of leadership skills. TheJournal of Negro Education, 67(2), 96-105.

Kimbrough, Walter. (2003). Black Greek 101: The Culture, Customs, and Challenges of Black Fraternities and Sororities. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press

Littleton, R. (2003). Community among African American students on small, predominantly White campuses: The Unforeseen "Minority within a Minority" Experience. The NASPA Journal, 40(4), 83-104.

McClelland, M. (2001). The need still exists for Black student unions. Black Issues in Higher Education, 17(25), 45.

Parks, Gregory S. (2008). Black Greek-Letter Organizations in the Twenty-First Century: Our Fight Has Just Begun. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky

Pike, G. (2003). Membership in a fraternity or sorority, student engagement, and educational outcomes at AAU public research universities. Journal of CollegeStudent Development, 44(3), 369-382.

Pike, G. R. (2000). The influence of fraternity or sorority membership on students’ college experiences and cognitive development. Research in Higher Education, 41(1), 117-139.

Sutton, M., and Kimbrough, W. (2001). Trends in Black student involvement. The NASPA Journal, 39(1), 30-39.

Watson, L., & & Kuh, G. (1996). The influence of dominant race environment on student involvement, perceptions, and educational gains. Journal of College Student Development, 37, 415-423.

Social Issues

Abron, J. (1990). The Image of African Americans in the U.S. Press. The Black Scholar, 21(2), 49-52

Allen, E., Jr. (1991/92). Race and Gender Stereotyping in the Thomas Confirmation Hearings. The Black Scholar, 22(1-2), 13-15

Allen, R.L. (1995). Racism, Sexism and a Million Men. The Black Scholar, 25(4), 24-26

Ampim, M. (1993) Towards An Understanding of Black Community Development. Oakland: Advancing the Research.

Anderson, E. (1990) Street Wise. Race, Class and Change in an Urban Community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Anderson, Elijah. (2009). Against the Wall: Poor, Young, Black and Male (The City in the Twenty-First Century). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press

Arnold, M.V. (2001) Making a new way out of no way: Defining success in a young African American man. Dissertation Abstracts International, 61 (11-A), 4294).

Austin, Bobby, ed. (1996) Repairing the Breach: Key Ways to Support Family Life, Reclaim our Streets, And Rebuild Civil Society in America’s Communities. Chicago: Noble Press

Baker, D. (1983) Race, Ethnicity and Power. London: Routledge.

Bell, C.C., Prothrow-Stith, D., Smallwood, C.S., and Murchison, C. (1986). Black-on-Black Homicide: The National Medical Association’s Responsibilities. Journal of the National Medical Association, 78, 139-141

Bernard, J. (1966) Marriage and Family among Negroes. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall

Boothe, Demico. (2007). Why Are So Many Black Men in Prison? Memphis: Full Surface Publishing

Carnoy, M. (1994) Faded Dreams. The Politics and Economics of Race in America. New York: Cambridge University Press

Carter, Lawrence Edward. (1995). The Crisis of the African-American Male: Dangers and Opportunities. Silver Spring: Beckham House Publishing

Cuffee, Sallie M. (2009). Manchild Dying in the Promised Land: Strategies to Save Black Males. Sauk Village: African American Images.

Edmonds, R. (1979) Effective Schools for the Urban Poor. Educational Leadership, 37(1), 15-27

Feagin, J. R., Vera, H., & Imani, N. (1996). The agony of education: Black students at White colleges and universities. New York: Routledge.

Ford, D. Y., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2006). “Gifted Education *Special Theme Issue+.” Theory Into Practice.

Garbarino, J. (1999) Lost Boys: Why Our Sons Turn to Violence and How to Save Them. New York: Free Press.

Garfield, Gail. (2010). Through Our Eyes: African American Men’s Experiences of Race, Gender, and Violence. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press

Gibbs, Jewelle Taylor. (1988). Young, Black and Male in America: An Endangered Species. Westport: Auburn House Paperback

Gordon, E. T., Gordon, E. W., & Nembhard, J. G. (1994) Social science literature concerning African American men. The Journal of Negro Education, 63, 508-531.

Greenberg, M. and Schneider, D. (1994) "Young Black Males is the Answer, but What was the Question?" in Social Science Medicine, 39(2), 179-187

Guiffrida, Douglas A. (2003). African American student organizations as agents of social integration. Journal of College Student Development, 44(3), 304-319.

Hacker, A. (1992) Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile Unequal. New York: Charles Scribner and Sons.

Hall R. E. (2001). The ball curve: Calculated racism and the stereotype of African American men. Journal of Black Studies, 32 (1), 104-119.

Harris, W. C. (1996, October 3). African American males in higher education: Reframing the issues. Black Issues in Higher Education, 13, 16, 92.

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari. (1997). The Assassination of the Black Male Image. New York: Simon &Schuster

Jackson, Cassandra. (2010). Violence, Visual Culture, and the Black Male Body. New York: Routledge

Jones, Ricky L. and J. Blaine Hudson. (2008). What’s Wrong with Obamamania?: Black America, Black Leadership, and the Death of Political Imagination. Albany: State University of New York Press

Kunjufu, J. (1985) Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black Boys. Chicago, IL: African American Images.

Kunjufu, Jawanza. (2010). Reducing the Black Male Dropout Rate. Sauk Village: African American Images

Lewis, C. W., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2008). “African American Student Achievement in K-12 Urban Settings *Special Theme Issue+.” Urban Education.

Lewis, C., & Moore, J. L., III. (Eds.). (2004). “Promoting Academic Achievement for African American Students in K-12 Urban Settings: Implications for Teachers, Counselors, Social Workers, Psychologists, and Administrators *Special Theme Issue+.” E-Journal of Teaching and Learning Diverse Settings.

Lewis, O. (1966) La Vida: A Puerto Rican family in the culture of poverty – San Juan and New York. New York, NY: Random House.

Madhubuti, Haki (1990) Black Men, Obsolete, Single Dangerous? Chicago: Third World Press.

Majors, R. and M. Billson (1992) Cool Pose. The Dilemmas of Black manhood in America. NY: Simon and Schuster.

Massey, D. and N. Denton (1993) American Apartheid. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

McCormack, A. (1995). “The changing nature of racism on college campuses: Study of discrimination at a northeastern pubic university.” College Student Journal, 29, 150-156.

Poussaint, A and Alexander, A. (2000) Lay My Burden Down: Unraveling Suicide and the Mental Health Crisis Among African Americans. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Roper, W. (1991) "The Prevention of Minority Youth Violence Must Begin Despite Risks and Imperfect Understanding" in Public Health Reports, May-June, Vol. 106, No. 3

Sandler, S. (2000) Turning to Each Other, Not On Each Other: How School Communities Prevent Racial Bias in School Discipline. San Francisco: Justice Matters.

Watson, L., & Kuh, G. (1996). “The influence of dominant race environment on student involvement, perceptions, and educational gains.” Journal of College Student Development, 37, 415-423.

Wilson, William Julius. (1978) The Declining Significance of Race. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Wilson-Sadberry, K. R., Winfield, L. F., & Royster, D. A. (1991). Resilience and persistence of African American males in post-secondary enrollment. Education and Urban Society, 24(1), 87-102.

General Reading

Akbar, Naim. (1991). Visions for Black men. Tallahassee: Mind Productions and Associates, 1991

Bolden, Tonya. (1999). Strong Men Keep Coming: The Book of African American Men. Hoboken: Wiley

Crawley, B. and Freeman, E.M. (1993). “Themes in the Life Views of Older and Younger African-American Males.” Journal of African American Male Studies, 1(1), 15-29

Foster, M. (1997) Black Teachers on Teaching. New York: The New Press.

Friere, P. (1972) The Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum Publishing.

Gary, Lawrence E. (ed.) (1981). Black Men. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications

Giroux, H. (1983) Theory and Resistance in Education. New York: Bergin and Harvey.

Glassgow, D. (1980) The Black Underclass: Poverty, Unemployment and Entrapment of Ghetto Youth. New York: Vintage Books

Glazer, N. and D. Moynihan (1963) Beyond the Melting Pot. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Green, Tara T. (2009). A Fatherless Child: Autobiographical Perspectives of African American Men. Columbia: University of Missouri Press

Hale, J. (1982) Black Children: Their Roots, Culture and Learning Styles. Provo: Brigham Young Press.

Harper, Hill. (2007). Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny. New York: Gotham Books

Harper, Hill. (2009). The Conversation: How Black Men and Women Can Build Loving, Trusting Relationships. New York: Gotham Books

Heston, Alan W. and Neil A. Weiner (eds.) (2000). The African American Male in American Life and Thought. Thousand Oaks: Sage Periodicals Press.

Jones, R.L. (ed.) (1989). Black Adult Development and Aging. Berkeley: Cobbs and Henry

Kaplan, H., R. Johnson, C. Bailey and W. Simon (1987) The Sociological Study of AIDS: A Critical Review of the Literature and Suggested Research Agenda. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 28 (June): 140-157.

Leake, D. and B. Leake (1992) "Islands of Hope: Milwaukee's African American Immersion Schools" in the Journal of Negro Education, Winter 1992, Vol 61, No. 1

Levinson, B., D. Foley and D. Holland (1996) The Cultural Production of the Educated Person. (Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Majors, Richard G. and Gordon, Jacob U. (eds.) (1994). The American Black Male: His Past, Present, and Future, Chicago: Nelson-Hall

Powell, Kevin. (2008). The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life. New York: Atria Books

Taylor Griffin, Sandra. (2000). Successful African American Men: From Childhood to Adulthood. New York: Springer

Oglesby, K. Thomas. (2002). What Black men Should Do Now: 100 Simple Truths, Ideas, and, Concepts. New York: Kensington Publishing Corp.

Ross, Dana. (2005). Black Fatherhood: Reconnecting with Our Legacy. Philadelphia: Pure Quality Publishing

West, C. (1993) Race Matters. Boston: Beacon Press.